Mental Health Nursing: The Roles Of Psychiatric Nurses
With the introduction of newer issues and recent needs, the concepts in mental
health nursing or psychiatric nursing expanded dramatically. From the necessity to provide nursing care for mental health
patients during the end of the 19th century, nurses are these days commissioned to supply psychiatric-mental health services on quite a lot of settings.
A psychiatric nurse works on different settings such as neighborhood mental health
programs, psychiatric hospitals and facilities, the academe and even within the criminal justice system.
There Are T wo Levels Of Psychiatric Nursing: The Basic And The Advanced
For the basic level, the psychiatric nurse will carry out the doctor’s orders. These are registered nurses who are equipped with the knowledge on developing, implementing and assessing nursing care plans; additionally they administer medications and provide direct nursing care. They are usually found in family-based settings, assisting the family members in coping with a member’s mental disorder.
However, they could also be present in education settings where their main role is to teach the public or other mental health
care providers about mental health and psychological disorders. They might additionally assist with counseling and intervention.
Then again, registered nurses who also have a master’s degree or a doctoral degree in mental health
nursing could qualify as Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners. Having more advanced expertise and knowledge in this field, they could practice assessments, diagnoses and treatments for sufferers of mental health
. Depending on the state, they’re also qualified to practice psychotherapy and case management, and prescribe medications. Additionally, they may choose to hold administrative positions in colleges and hospitals and may additionally conduct researches of their own.
These are the basic roles of psychiatric nurses. But because of the development of further needs within the management of psychiatric disorders, the roles have been expanded to satisfy the demands.
For example, the issues presented through the necessity of nursing care services in high security areas such as those similar in forensic nursing. The nurses working in this setting need to fulfill the balance between protecting the public from the potential harm caused by the patients and providing an setting that will also goal to offer therapeutic interventions.
Another change within the roles of psychiatric nurses is the extension of psychiatric services to prisons. This poses the challenge to psychiatric nurses to provide the same mental health care services to inmates whatever the boundaries set by the lack of facilities and trained people to do the work.
Lastly, the necessity to advance psychiatric custody to disordered people who’re under the criminal justice system. As we may know, not all correctional establishments have dedicated units for inmates with psychiatric disorders. However in the past years, psychiatric facilities are being integrated into the criminal justice system. Because of the formation of the mental health courts, newer duties have been added to psychiatric nursing.
Mental health nursing, like many other professions, have met substantial changes in the past recent years. This can be largely attributed to the improvements of newer facilities due to this fact newer needs for professionals which are mirrored in nursing professions. In lots of areas of psychiatric care though, there is no doubt that there are fewer changes. Nonetheless, as seen in mental healthcare, these changes have prepared the best way towards better programs and better people working within the field.
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